Solid Waste Management Sector Background


  • Implementation of LGU-Wide ESWM in 3 aspects ( segregation at source, segregated collection, and MRF)


    • 48 LGUs in CY 2005
    • Adopted by the WB in CY 2007
    • 84 LGUs in CY 2010
    • 128 LGUs in CY 2012


  • 50% of the complying urban barangays within the local government unit must be fully implementing.

a. Segregation at Source

      • At least two (2) waste classifications (e.g. biodegradable, non-biodegradable)

b. Segregated Collection

      • Segregated schedule of collection
      • Segregated waste in the collection vehicle

c. Materials Recovery Facility

      • Centralized MRF or Barangays based

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The Philippines ratified the Stockholm Convention (SC) on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in February 2, 2004 thereby committing itself to the reduction and elimination of POPs. The country became an official Party to the SC on May 27, 2004 . The Philippine National Implementation Plan (NIP), which outlines the country’s priority concerns and action program, was submitted to the SC secretariat in June 19, 2006 . The Government of the Philippines (GOP) requested assistance from the World Bank and Global Environment Facility (GEF) for the funding of a project, phi: Integrated Persistent Organic Pollutants Management Project (IPOPs Project), to assist the country in meeting its obligations under the Stockholm Convention. The Grant Agreement between the GOP and the World Bank for the implementation of IPOPs Project was signed on June 28, 2010 , and is effective by September 26, 2010 . The project will be for a period of five (5) years. The objective of the IPOPs Project is to assist the Philippines meet its obligations under the Stockholm convention, for Annex A. Part II. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Annex C. Unintentional Chemicals (UPOPs), and section Ie of Article 6, contaminated sites. It further aims to contribute to the development of capacity for the sound management of chemicals in the Philippines , in general. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) through its Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) will be the lead agency in the implementation of the project. Other agencies and institutions that will be involved in project implementation are the Department of Science and Technology – Industrial Technology Development Institute (DOST-ITDI), Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA), Clark Development Corporation (CDC), Department of Health – National Center for Disease Prevention and Control (DOH-NCDPC), National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC), National Electrification Administration (NEA), electric cooperatives, NGO, and several local government units (LGUs). PROJECT OVERVIEW The Project has five components, namely: (1) Strengthening the Regulatory Framework and Capacity Building for POPs Monitoring; (2) Reduction of Releases of Unintentionally-Produced Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs); (3) Management of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs); (4) Identification and Remediation of POPs Contaminated Sites; and (5) Project Management. Component 1: Strengthening Regulatory Framework and Capacity Building for POPs Monitoring The objective of this component is to strengthen the regulatory and monitoring capacity for phasing out the use of and reducing exposure to and releases of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). While the Philippines has established much of the legislative framework necessary for chemicals management and other activities related to POPs management, significant gaps remain, and in many cases existing legal mechanisms are not fully consistent with or do not specifically support implementation of the Stockholm Convention. In addition, the country has not established a system for monitoring these pollutants’ health effects. Activities under this component will include: modification of the regulatory framework for POPs management and monitoring; national exposure monitoring program for POPs; and policy and planning for future activities to scale up project initiatives. Component 2: Reduction of Releases of Unintentionally Produced Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). Unintentional POPs (UPOPs), dioxins and furans most significantly, are produced unintentionally by industrial processes or incomplete burning. In the Philippines , the largest sources are agricultural burning and municipal solid waste. The objective of this component is to better understand and demonstrate the reduction of the releases of UPOPs. This will be done through improving the understanding of emissions from targeted sources and nationally; demonstrating implementation of best available technologies (BAT) and best environmental practices (BEP) for reducing emissions from the municipal waste management sector; and establishing BAT/BEP for other sources. The component activities include: establishment of emissions factors and verification of environmental technology for selected sources; conduct of the third national PCDD/PCDF inventory; investments in BAT/BEP demonstration for the solid waste sector; technical assistance for preparation of BAT/BEP; and training, demonstration, and dissemination. Under Component 2, particular attention was given to two UPOPs namely: dioxins and furans which are most significantly produced unintentionally from industrial processes or incomplete burning. The largest contributors are agricultural burning and solid waste management. Component 2 will be implemented by DOST and supported by the DENR and National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) Secretariat through guideline development, training, and dissemination. Component 3: Management of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) The objective of this component is to assist in minimizing the risk of exposure of PCBs to humans and the environment by strengthening DENR-EMB oversight and improving the on-site management practices of PCB owners. PCBs were never produced in the Philippines , but they are used or stored in electrical equipment in the electric utility and manufacturing sectors, old commercial buildings, and transformer servicing facilities. A partial PCB inventory has been completed and standards for PCB management have been established; however, only a small percentage of operators has developed or implemented a PCB management plan. This component will support the DENR-EMB through the completion of the national PCB inventory, will offer technical assistance and training for PCB owners and DENR-EMB inspectors, and will facilitate demonstration of good on-site PCB management through implementation of PCB management plans. These PCB management activities will only cover PCB Management on the PCB owners facility site (“on-site” management) and any PCB treatment and disposal will be the responsibility of the PCB owners. Component 4: Identification and Remediation of POPs Contaminated Sites. The objective of this component is to strengthen the enabling capacity of the country to reduce risks posed by POPs contamination of the environment by identifying contaminated sites; establishing a strategic framework, technical guidelines, and professional capacity to help address them; and building public knowledge and awareness. Some sites within the Philippines have been confirmed to be contaminated with POPs, including areas that once housed electrical transformers; old dumpsites; former production facilities; and pesticide storage sites. Other sites are suspected to be contaminated, and many others have not yet been identified. The cleanup of these sites is not mandatory or otherwise regulated under Philippine law. Activities for this component include the development of a national inventory of sites and a national remediation strategy, including legislative and regulatory strengthening; establishment of site cleanup standards; national training and dissemination; demonstration of site control to reduce exposure; and the demonstration of contaminated site cleanup. All funding for site remediation will be provided by the counterpart land owners and the DENR from the President’s Social Fund alloted for hazardous waste management. Component 5: Project Management: This component will support EMB-DENR in the implementation, management, coordination, monitoring and evaluation, capacity building, and dissemination of Project results and outcomes.


Within the framework of the Philippine-German Technical Cooperation, the technical cooperation (TC) project “Solid Waste Management (SWM) for Local Government Units (SWM4LGUs)“ was agreed upon during the intergovernmental negotiations in September 2001 on the basis of the proposal from Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). It was launched by German Technical Cooperation Agency (GTZ), now the GIZ, in January 2005 is currently being implemented with the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) through the National Solid Waste Management Commission Secretariat and the EMB regional office in regions 6, 7, 8, and 13 as well as their RECs as partners and selected local government units. The first phase of the project started in January 2005 until December 2007. The second phase started on January 2008 to December 2010. The project is now on its extension phase that started in January 2011 until December 2012. The project’s overall goal is to enable LGUs to comply with RA 9003 with the following indicators: By end of 2012, 5 cities of the Visayas with more than 70.000 inhabitants each operate municipal waste management centres with integrated sanitary landfill according to the set legal standards. The 5 established municipal waste management centres implement and operate a monitoring program for early warning of environmental risks according to recognized standards. In 5 cities, the operation costs for solid waste management are financed by municipal waste management fees, whereas these fees cover at least 30% of the municipal waste management budget. In 5 cities, the resource recovery rate is increased to at least 25%. In at least 2 cities out of these five, informal waste workers are integrated into the resource recovery process with at least 40 % women participation. A jointly developed National Solid Waste Management Strategy is agreed upon by relevant actors from policy making, civil society and the private sector. The implementation of at least 3 concrete derivative measures have been started. The project has a multi-level approach covering the national and regional level. It includes the provision of policy advice to the NSWMC and DENR-EMB as well as undertaking capacity development of selected regional EMBs and the support of RECS through know-how transfer, SWM training, organizational strengthening, and environmental monitoring, among others. At the local level the project focuses on capacity development of LGUs, establishment of sustainable SWM practices, enhanced consultancy for LGUs and private sector, strengthening of the informal sector, and knowledge management, among others. Participating LGUs are Iloilo City , San Carlos City , Roxas City , and the municipality of Buenavista , Guimaras Province in Region 6; Dumaguete City and Bayawan City in region 7 and Ormoc City , Maasin City , Baybay City , as well as the municipalities of Palompon, Isabel, St. Bernhard, San Juan , Anahawan, Li-loan and Hinunangan in Region 8. The extension or Handover phase will deal mostly with upscaling of pexperiences and lessons learned from the previous phases of the project. As such, the said phase shall be implemented through the National Solid Waste Management Commission Secretariat and EMB Regional Office in the Western Visayas Region


Establishment of an Appropriate ESWM System in Selected Homeowners Associations (HOAs) in Metro Manila Go to Page…